Our Ingredients

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A to Z Ingredients
The following is a list of all ingredients used in our products with a concise description of their function & source. It’s by no means comprehensive and greater detail can be found in the many peer reviewed scientific papers published on their inherent characteristics and uses. If you are doing your own research do bear in mind that many websites and blogs expound about cosmetic ingredients but remember they are usually individual opinion and sometimes they are not very well informed.

Latin: (Aloe barbadensis)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan,
Natural Summary: Aloe Vera, used medicinally since the time of the ancient Egyptians. Rich in amino acids and other beneficial nutrients.
Function: Important properties for skin include: anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, hydrating, stimulating growth, healing and softening. Used for centuries to reduce scarring, relieve pain on burns, ulcers and wounds. A must have for skincare products & all 1st Aid cabinets.
Suitability: All skin types, especially sensitive types

Latin: (Calendula officinalis, commonly known as Marigold) Source: Plant Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural Summary: Widely used with a long history as a powerful healing herb. Function: Used on the skin for its antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic and astringent properties. Its active constituents include high amounts of flavonoids which are anti-inflammatory. Excellent to prevent spread of infection and speed up the rate of repair, making it ideal for healing cuts, bruises, rashes, ulcers and irritated skin such as nappy rash, chapped lipped etc.
Suitability: All Suitability & most minor skin problems benefit.


Latin: (Cetyl alcohol)
Source: Plant.  NOT animal source and This is NOT an alcohol in the commonly understood meaning – it is a solid, creamy substance that is very stable and not irritating.
Status: Natural
Summary: A fatty acid made from the hydrogenation of plant oils, originally sourced from whale oil.
Function: Softens skin and Emulsifies oil and water creams (keeping them from splitting). Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Theobroma alcohol)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Plant fat, derived from the bean of the cocoa tree. Contains natural antioxidants that prevent rancidity
Function: Softens and protects skin with a delicious aroma. Melts at body temperature
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Cocos nucifera)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Plant fat, derived from coconut. Naturally high in antioxidants.
Function: Softens and lubricates skin with a delicious aroma, has anti-aging and skin protecting properties
Suitability: Not suitable for oily, large pored and acne prone skin


Latin: Coffea Arabica
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Concentrated oil or extracts from the green coffee bean plant
Function: Skin conditioning and strong antioxidant. In vitro tests on skin samples and sections of human skin have shown topical application can stimulate collagen and elastin synthesis as well as glycosaminoglycans, which help repair skin and contribute to a healthy barrier function. This non-fragrant plant oil also appears to stimulate pathways in skin that lead to greater moisture retention (Source: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, March 2009, pages 56-62).
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Oenothera biennis, “Kings cure-all”)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: High in Omega 3 & 6. Between 12-15% Gamma linolenic acid needed to create prostaglandins necessary to maintain cellular structure, maximise skin suppleness and minimise inflammation.
Function: Softens skin, retains moisture, prevents drying and resulting formation of wrinkles.
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Glycerine)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Used throughout history in skin, herbal and medicinal preparations.
Function: It softens the skin, attracts moisture (humectant), keeping skin moisturised. Fills in the intercellular matrix of the skin (thus plumping it up in a good way). Its presence in the intercellular layer helps other lipids do their job better and is actually present in all natural lipids
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Glyceryl stearate)
Source: Plant
Form: White fatty powder derived from palm oil (sourced from RSPO suppliers)
Status: Vegan, Natural
Summary: Safe and edible as evidenced by its use in the production of vegan ice cream
Function: Emulsifies oil and water blends.
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Camellia sinensis)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Recognised in China for millennia for its health benefits.
Function: Scavenges free radicals (anti-oxidant) due to its high content of polyphenols, flavonoids and vitamin C. Anti-inflammatory properties make it ideal for mature and roseacea skin types.
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Hyaluronic acid or Hyaluronan or Hyaluronate or HA)
Source: Bacteria based biofermentation
Status: Organic,
Summary: A main part of the extracellular matrix or a ‘goo’ molecule. Needs to be of a small enough size to cross skin barrier to be most effective.
Function: Amazing ability to retain water gives the skin volume, plumpness, softens and smoothes minimising the appearance of wrinkles and folds. Increased cell turnover and collagen production and protects against infection.
Suitability: All especially mature skin types


Latin: (Simmondsia chinensis)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: A liquid wax with very similar properties to sebum makes it easily absorbed and very beneficial to all skin types
Function: Very protective preventing transepidermal water loss, moisturising with a low natural SPF
Suitability: All Skin types, especially large pored, oily and sensitive types


Latin: (Citrus limon)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Uplifting smell makes it an ideal detoxifying, deodoriser.
Function: Antiseptic, antibacterial and brightening properties
Suitability: All Skin types, especially oily and combination


Latin: (Rosa canina, Rosa rugbinosa)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Highly beneficial to skin with vitamins and other skin loving nutrients.
Function: Vitamin rich with D & E and among the richest sources of C and A (i.e. retinoic acid a precursor to vitamin A). Also high in the anti-oxidant ‘lycopene’ and essential fatty acids especially omega 3. Increases cell regeneration, boosts collagen and elasticity, thereby helping to minimise the signs of ageing and rejuvenate damaged skin. Can help reduce pore size.
Suitability: All Skin types especially sensitive


Latin: (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Indispensible culinary and medicinal herb steeped in folklore.
Function: Anti-oxidant, antibacterial, antiseptic, astringent, rejuvenating, skin conditioning and stimulating. Strengthens capillaries and improves circulation. Wide range of uses from hair treatments, insecticide, as a relaxant and to increase mental alertness. Its stability makes it useful in maintain fragile oil blends.
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Butyrospermum parkii)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: A gift from nature with superior moisturising properties, widely used throughout Africa in skin & hair preparations
Function: Mild antibacterial, anti-inflammatory properties containing some of the same moisturizing ingredients as sebum. Vitamins E and A, the antioxidant beta-carotene, phytosterols stimulate new formation and growth of cells rejuvenating and protecting the skin. Natural SPF between 2- 6, blocking UV radiation. Melts at body temperature.
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Sodium stearoyl lactylate)
Source: Plant, RSPO palm oil, non GMO rapeseed
Status: Vegan, Natural
Summary: FDA approved food additive, non -toxic, biodegradable, widely used in food products.
Function: Emulsifies oil and water blends
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Citrus sinensis)
Source: Plant
Status: Organic, Vegan, Natural
Summary: Soothing and skin lightening properties.
Function: anti-oxidant, antibacterial, strong antifungal, anti-inflammatory, slightly astringent, cleansing, degreasing, circulatory stimulant, skin conditioning and nutritive (containing vitamins A, B, & C).
Suitability: All Skin types especially sensitive and irritated


Latin: (Retinyl palmitate, Retinol palmitate)
Source: A fat soluble vitamin
Status: Vegan, Natural
Summary: Retinyl palmitate is a stable form of vitamin A, once applied to the skin it transfoms into retinoic acid the active form of vitamin A.
Function: Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Tocopherols)
Source: Plant, GM free food grade
Status: Vegan, Natural
Summary: Vitamin E is a fat soluble vitamin. A classic antioxidant, which protects against the destruction of the connective tissue caused by free radicals
Function: Antioxidant, protecting cells against effects of free radical oxidative stress including sun damage. Preservative action extends shelf-life naturally. Reported to reduce scarring and aid in tissue repair.
Suitability: All Skin types


Latin: (Xanthan Gum)
Source: Plant
Status: Vegan, Natural
Summary: Widely used in food and cosmetic industry as a thickener
Function: Thickens, emulsifies and stabilises products.
Suitability: All Skin types

Terms & Extra Information

Allergens
Allergens are naturally found in essential oils, fragrance oils and botanical extracts. You will find all allergens present in our products declared in the ingredient list on each of our products

Anti-oxidant & Free radicals
An antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the production free radicals. Free-radicals are aggressive, unstable, oxygen containing molecules that can cause a chain reaction damaging cell membranes and normal cellular metabolism damaging cells DNA and RNA, contribute to the hardening of collagen and elastin cells. This cell damage leads to premature aging, increased skin sensitivity, irritation, age spots and dryness. The main focus of anti-aging skincare products is on antioxidants that combats free radicals in the skin which nourishing and replacing lost collegen.“At the top of the list of wonder chemicals used in anti-aging products are the ubiquitous antioxidants, one of the few morsels of scientific terminology that has made it into the public consciousness unscathed. If consumers are looking for a significant and permanent effect on the skin, it is the antioxidants in which they should put their faith.” (Moore, Andrew. The Biochemistry of Beauty: The Science and Pseudoscience of Beautiful Skin. European Molecular Biology Organization Reports, Volume 3 Number 8, 2002).

Collagen
Collagen, makes up 70% of the dermis and gives the skin structure. In contrast, the quantity of elastin in the dermis is only about one-fifteenth (1/15th) of the collagen amount and gives the skin its flexibility. Damage to the collagen fibres as we grow older the primary cause of the wrinkles and sagging that accompany aging. Unfortunately, elastin and collagen are not replaced naturally by the body alone, and the skin does not regain its once-pliable shape after being stretched and expanded over time. However, new research shows that certain ingredients such as vitamin A may stimulate collagen and elastin growth, which has the potential to slow down the aging process.

Comeodogenic
A comedogenic substance is one that clogs pores. This blockage can lead to whiteheads, blackheads and pimples. More specifically, comedogenicity is the tendency of any ingredient or product to cause or to worsen a buildup of dead cells in follicles (referred to as pores), leading to the development of a comedo (blackhead). Although non-comedogenic skincare products may not prevent acne, they do not promote pore-clogging and acne production, either.

Moisturisers
There are two basic categories of moisturiser: humectants which absorb water from the air and emollients. Emollients are common cosmetic ingredients that act as functional and performance ingredients. As a functional ingredient, emollients help spread, place and keep other agents on the skin. As performance ingredients, they lubricate the skin’s surface and support its barrier function. Lying on top of the skin they increase the skin’s hydration (water content) by reducing evaporation. This technique of moisturisation is called occlusion and has a softening and soothing effect on the skin in addition to filling in fine lines.

Essential oils
An essential oil is a concentrated liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. It is “essential” in the sense that it carries a distinctive scent, or essence, of the plant. Essential oils are generally extracted by distillation, expression or solvent extraction. Various essential oils have been used medicinally at different periods in history.
Omega oils (essential fatty acids)

Essential fatty acids are fatty acids that are required in the human diet and they cannot be synthesized by the body from other fatty acids and must be obtained from food. The essential fatty acids are omega-3 and omega-6. Omega-3 fatty acids include: linolenic acid, EPA and DHA. Omega-6 fatty acids include: linoleic acid and arachidonic acid. Omega-9 fatty acids are not essential because they can be synthesized from omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Some of the plant sources of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are found in oils from thistle (safflower) oil, rosehip oil, evening primrose amongst others. Essential fatty acids play a part in many metabolic processes related to the health of the skin; they are required for the normal structure of all cell membranes and essential for healthy skin. Absorption of EFAs throughout the skin is an effective method of acquiring EFAs for some skincare purposes, but including them in a diet is also required.

Serum
There is no agreed definition of what a serum is in cosmetic or skincare science. In general it is understood that a serum is a highly concentrated product containing significantly more biologically active substances than creams and are therefore quicker and more effective at getting results.

SPF
The sun protection factor of a sunscreen is a laboratory measure of the effectiveness of sunscreen — the higher the SPF, the more protection a sunscreen offers against UV-B (the ultraviolet radiation that causes sunburn). However SPF is an imperfect measure of skin damage because invisible damage and skin aging are also caused by ultraviolet type A (UVA, wavelength 320 to 400 nm), which does not cause reddening or pain. In practice, the protection from a particular sunscreen depends on many contributing factors, not least of which is the amount applied and the frequency of re-application.